Pimples on the Gum: Gum Boils Causes And Treatment
Pimples on the mucous membrane are an important signal of the body; they should not be treated as acne on the skin. If a pimple appears on the gum, it cannot be squeezed out or pierced on its own, as this can be fraught with serious consequences. On the mucous membranes, a favorable environment for the life and reproduction of microorganisms: both normal flora and pathogenic bacteria. Inflammation can develop into an abscess, the presence of which in the oral cavity threatens with complications.
The problem should be shown to a dentist who will determine the type of pimple and its cause. Depending on the diagnosis of a specialist, treatment can include both rinsing and gum treatment, as well as immediate surgery.
Causes of Gum Boils
Acne on the gums of the teeth can be different: both small rashes, similar to acne, and large sacs with purulent contents (fistulas).
Common reasons for their appearance:
- Lack of proper hygiene
- Vitamin deficiency due to malnutrition
- Bad habits
- Weakening of immunity due to diseases and prolonged use of drugs
- Allergy to food or hygiene products
- Viral diseases
- Diseases of the teeth and gums
One of the viral diseases that causes acne on the gums is herpes. In the course of stomatitis, aphthae often appear – sores that can be mistaken for acne. Rashes can also be a signal of the presence of advanced caries, periodontitis, periodontitis, and other pathologies that, in a severe stage, cause loosening and even loss of teeth. Large formations containing pus may indicate chronic periodontitis, as well as osteomyelitis, a disease affecting the jaw bone.
Type of Gum Boils Pimples
It will not be possible to independently determine the nature of a pimple that has jumped on the gum if you are not a dentist. However, you can use the method of elimination to roughly determine what type it belongs to.
The following types of formations are found:
Often guided by mucous membrane swelling, itching, and swollen lymph nodes, are all symptoms of herpetic stomatitis, which is caused by the herpes virus.
White pimple on the gums:
It is a white or yellowish bump. In the absence of other symptoms of inflammation and normal general health, it can be a simple wen.
Accompanied by a white coating on the mucous membrane. If itching and swelling are attached to them, then most likely it is a Candida fungus. This yeast-like fungus prefers to invade mucous membranes and can also cause soreness and muscle weakness.
Bloody or purulent pimple on the gums:
It can be a consequence of bacterial stomatitis, which is often preceded by damage to the mucous membrane in the mouth (due to braces, fishbone, etc.). An infection gets into the wound or scratch, and stomatitis develops.
It looks like a lump on the gum, which is a dense bag of periodontal tissue, inside which pus is contained. May be aching or have little or no symptoms. The cause may be advanced gum inflammation, tooth decay, or diseases such as pulpitis and periodontitis. The size of the tumor can reach several centimeters, its color is red, but when you press on the lump-like growth, the tissue turns white. It is not worth pressing and pressing again, you need to see a doctor faster since pus can destroy bone tissue over time.
This is an inflammatory process in the periosteum called periostitis. It manifests itself as a red or pronounced white pimple on the gums, in combination with edema. With the flux, not only the gum swells but also the cheek.
This is the next stage of a dangerous formation – a cyst, gumboil, or a running purulent pimple on the gum. In this case, the pus melts the tissue and forms a cavity. As a result, fistulas may appear – channels for the excretion of pus, which look like pimples or holes ready to break through, expelling purulent contents.
Advanced inflammation of the gums can lead to a weakening of the fixation of the teeth, and, consequently, to their loosening and loss. But even this is not the main complication. If a pimple on the gums has become purulent, then such an inflammatory process threatens bone tissue. Osteomyelitis may occur, the advanced stage of which leads to deformation of the jaw and necrosis. In a particularly advanced situation, blood poisoning may occur, then the infection will spread throughout the body. In addition, purulent foci in the head area are especially dangerous – the infection can quickly enter the brain.
Therefore, it is so important to consult with a doctor before starting treatment of formations on the oral mucosa. The opinion of a qualified specialist is especially important if a pimple on the gum is found in a child because the child’s body is especially vulnerable.
If the rash is caused by stomatitis or Candida fungus, the dentist may prescribe home treatment: regular rinsing of the mouth, treating the mucous membrane with special means, taking medications. If a pimple on the gums was caused by a virus, then antiviral therapy will be prescribed.
In addition to the use of pharmacy products, the patient will need to follow general recommendations, namely, adhere to a diet and a certain temperature of food during treatment.
You will need to exclude from the diet:
- Hot and cold foods;
- Solid food;
- Spicy, sweet, and sour foods and drinks;
- Fried food.
The entire menu should be at room temperature or slightly warmer. Nothing should unnecessarily irritate the mucous membrane, so you will have to give up soda and spicy sauces for a while. The patient is waiting for the unloading period on mashed potatoes, various cereals, and other products approved by the doctor.
If a pimple on the gum turned out to be a wen, then the doctor will first prescribe observation, since the seal can gradually dissolve without surgery. In some cases, when the wen grows contrary to expectations, it is surgically removed.
For stomatitis of different origins, various types of drugs are prescribed. With candidiasis – antifungal agents, with herpes – antiviral drugs. To reduce pain and inflammation, antiseptic rinses and gels containing lidocaine and an anti-inflammatory effect are used.
If the inflammation is severe, the doctor may prescribe a course of certain antibiotics.
Treatment In The Clinic
With a purulent cyst, flux, and even more so an abscess, you will need the help of a dentist-surgeon. The operation includes anesthesia, removal of a diseased tooth if it has become a source of infection, cleansing the cavities from pus, and antiseptic treatment. With osteomyelitis, the periosteum is often opened to eliminate purulent masses. After the operation, the patient will be prescribed a course of antibiotics and antihistamines. In addition, treatment may include taking immunostimulating medications to help the body weakened by the infection heal.
In order not to bring the disease to such a stage, it is necessary to consult a dentist in time. It is especially important to immediately contact the dentist if a pimple is found on the gum in a child and not to start self-medication without an official diagnosis and doctor’s recommendations. North Augusta Dentist would be the best for you if you are someone from North Augusta City.